THE CHIEF EXECUTIVE 21
various sources. After removal of the government to Annapolis,
in the winter of 1694-95, he had also an allowance for lodging.
On the other hand, in 1714-15 and after 1751, he was burdened
with certain yearly payments or " saddles, " imposed by the
Prior to 1671 several plans for payment of the Governor were
begun and laid aside. Thereafter his income arose from certain
port duties, eventually three of them, from a fee on marriage
licenses, and from occasional gratuities given him by Assembly.
The port duties were proprietary revenue under Lord Baltimore's
government and crown revenue under royal administration. Col-
lected by the Naval Officers, they were paid to His Lordship's
Agent and Receiver or to one of the Crown Receivers, as the
case might be. These officials then paid all or a part of the
produce to the Governor.
The earliest such duty, twelve pence sterling per hogshead on
all tobacco exported, was enacted in April, 1671, for the general
purpose of supporting government. It survived under different
guises, and after 1733 with doubtful legality, down to the end of
colonial times. 6 Out of it His Lordship's Agent apparently paid
the Governor, during the first proprietary period, a salary of un-
certain amount. Early in the royal period an act of June, 1692,
assigned to the Governor the entire twelve pence. But as by a
previous royal order of August 26, 1691, three pence of it had
been earmarked for purchase of arms, the Governor actually
got only nine pence. 7 This may have produced about £ 1200 a
year. 8 Soon after His Lordship's restoration a law of August,
1716, took off this deduction, by imposing a separate duty for
arms, and Baltimore ordered his agent to pay the Governor, out
of the whole twelve pence, a salary of £ 1000 sterling. 9 From
1756, moreover, this Agent was to pay him the entire produce
of the duty and, should it fall below this sum in any year, to
6This duty should not be confused with another granted His Lordship at the
same time as a partial equivalent for his quit-rents and alienation fines. On its
rather complicated history see Mereness, op. cit., 172-73, and Barker, op. cit., passim.
7Archives, VIII, 274; XIII, 437-39.
8 Such was the estimate of the Council of Trade and Plantations in a report of
April 2, 1703 (Calendar of State Papers, Colonial, 1702-03, art. 536). For other
estimates from 1700 to 1711 see M. S. Morriss, Colonial Trade in Maryland,
1689-1715 (Baltimore, 1914), 48.
9Archives, XXX, 466; XXXVIII, 431; XXXIX, 510.