58 HIS LORDSHIP'S PATRONAGE
clerk frequently made his office a sinecure by employing a deputy
who did all the work for a third or a half of the profits. 32
As with the provincial clerkships, turnover was rapid in the
earlier proprietary period, and long tenure, indeed life tenure,
became the rule thereafter. Kent County, for instance, had
seventeen clerks in the forty-one years prior to 1695 and only
five in the remaining eighty-one years of the colonial period. One
of these, Captain James Smith, served a record fifty-three years.
Thomas Hayward, Jr., Clerk of Somerset County, was in office
forty-four years and John Leeds of Talbot County thirty-nine
years. Some fourteen other county clerks served for two decades
or longer. In most counties the successive clerks were nearly
related, and there are eight cases of immediate succession from
father to son.
32 For instance in 1760 three Justices of the Provincial Court were county clerks
who served by deputy (John Brice, Col. Richard Tilghman, and John Darnall).
Such an arrangement, Gov. Sharpe wrote, was entirely improper; but he knew of
no way to reward the justices for their trouble except by giving them other
offices (Horatio Sharpe to Cecilius Calvert, July 7, 1760, Archives, IX, 432. )